The “Scramble for Lebanon”: is federalism a way out from the deadlock of consociationalism?

This analysis aims at relaunching the debate, briefly describing the main tenants of the sectarian power-sharing on which the country is based and presenting some different points of view by Lebanese scholars on the thorny issue of the consociational system and its (potential) relationship with the territorial setting of the country.


Putin’s War, ramifications for China

It has tried to show that China, the main ally of Russia in their ‘special military operation’, is keen, for their own reasons, to see an end to hostilities, or at least no expansion of them. They realise, however, that peace will not come easily, the Ukrainians and Russians are far apart in what they want. Right, of course, is on the side of the Ukrainians, the injured party. It would, of course, possibly be easier if Putin were no longer the President of Russia. Possible now he has a price on his head?


The Russia-Ukraine warfare as the final stage of U.S.-Russia proxy war in Donbas (2014-2022)

Given that neither Ukraine nor Russia is able to achieve absolute victory in a foreseeable future, and that war protraction will not necessarily benefit the U.S.-led West , it is imperative to put an end to the warfare through diplomatic negotiation, hopefully a political settlement or at least an armistice. Evidently, now is high time for Ukraine, Russia, and the U.S.-led West to get emancipated from war propaganda and squarely face the realpolitik background.


Montenegro 2023 presidential election: Entering the post-Đukanović era

Analysts believe that that the removal of Đukanović will pave the way for Montenegro’s accelerated EU membership process, which is currently blocked because of Đukanović. Thus, from April 2, the post-Đukanović era will begin in Montenegro.


2023 Parliamentary Elections in Bulgaria: Between Brussels (Berlin) and Moscow

Bulgaria is trying to find a new balance between its obligations towards NATO and the traditional sympathies for Russia. As a NATO member, Bulgaria is responsible for a 354 kilometer-long eastern border of the NATO alliance. The border on the Black Sear is less than 500 kilometers away from Crimea and directly neighbors with the area controlled by the Russian Black Sea fleet and the Russian air force. As Bulgaria has the obligation to control Russian military activities at the Black Sea...


Iran 2023: Iran at the doorstep of the nuclear club?

Today we have to reckon with a nuclear Iran. Is coexistence with it at the regional and international level possible? If not, what are the options to address that issue? Would it be possible to launch an Israel-US attack to paralyze the nuclear program? What consequences and results could stem from Iran’s response to such an attack?


Global South engagement for peace in Ukraine

Russia and Ukraine are preparing for a spring offensive with higher levels of military involvement. Spill-over into the region has been avoided so far. It is not excluded that intensifying conflict or a costly prolonged stalemate can lead to escalation and actively involve NATO or one of the front-line states with Ukraine.


Montenegro 2023: Deciding between the past and the future

The incumbent President Milo Đukanović is expected to win the most votes in the first round. Andrija Mandić, Aleksa Bečić and Jakov Milatović are competing for the second place in the first round. If Aleksa Bečić or Jakov Milatović make it to the second round, it is highly probably that they will defeat Milo Đukanović, while Andrija Mandić has a much weaker capacity to gather other parties in a coalition and to ensure wider support in the second round.


2023 Bosnia and Herzegovina: Who undermines fragile peace in BiH?

In addition to HR Schmidt and a part of US administration, the EUSR in BiH Sattler also has a very negative role because he allows the legal paralysis of BiH.Furthermore, he also played a role in the non-incorporation of final and binding judgments of the ICTY into the legal system of BiH and official records of BiH, which was directly blocked by the HDZBiH and Čović.Non-incorporation of final and binding judgments is directly related to the non-implementation of the “Inzko’s law” on denial of genocide


Public Policy Representation: Increasing Women's Political Representation in Oman

Although women obtained the right to vote and run in elections in Oman in 1994, their presence in the political arena is almost non-existent, and women's political representation in power is one of the lowest ten countries in the world. Therefore, the paper created several alternatives to confront this problem: Allowing the formation of political parties and civil society organisations, changing the electoral system, setting a quota for political representation of women...


Putin’s War in the Context of World Meetings

To return to the war, it will most likely not be a short engagement but at least last till the latter part of the year. If the war drags on and Russia is seen to lose ground, will Putin survive, if he is still around? Watch and see.


Resetting science collaboration to avoid ecological disaster and ensure new opportunities for peace building in the South China Sea

Geopolitics is always at play in the contested South China Sea. While the Biden administration has called managing America’s relationship with Beijing “the biggest geopolitical test of the 21st century”, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) and the Ocean University of China (OUC) have been engaged in promoting research collaborations in deep-ocean and coastal regions in a changing climate