Western Balkans 2023: From the Thessaloniki Declaration to the Introduction of ETIAS

Analysts caution that with the implementation of ETIAS, the European Union is undermining the progress it made with the Thessaloniki Declaration, which had encouraged Western Balkan countries toward EU membership by clearly articulating their European perspective. The introduction of ETIAS, or electronic visas for entry into the EU, invalidates the enlargement process and contradicts the statements made by European officials, further eroding the already tainted reputation of the EU in the Western Balkans.



Since 2002 the work of International institute IFIMES is a reflection of our common reality and the need for the world to reach common solutions. Common interests and bonds among different policies, nations, religions, world regions and diverse interest parties are essential. The area of research and work of International institute IFIMES is the Middle East (MENA- Middle East and North Africa) and the Balkans (South-Eastern Europe), where relations among different entities are additionally puzzled by religious, ethnic, national and racial grounds. IFIMES has special consultative status with the Economic and Social Council ECOSOC/UN since 2018. IFIMES is also the publisher of the international scientific journal European Perspectives.